About 100 million people have been vaccinated in India. They received either of the two vaccines: Covaxin and Covishield. However, amidst the deadly second wave of the Covid-19 virus, a third Covid vaccine has been introduced and approved for use in India. Even though individuals having comorbidities must consult to doctor before getting vaccinated.
As per reports, Sputnik V is that vaccine and gives about 92% protection against this deadly virus. This vaccine was introduced in India when the country crossed Brazil as the worst-hit nation with the pandemic globally.
India currently reported more than 31 million cases, just behind the United States. India has set up a goal to vaccinate about 250 million priority people by the end of July. As the Government opens the third trial phase for 18 years and above, you must know which one is better and suitable for you.
The Serum Institute of India has manufactured the Covishield vaccine. This institute is the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer. Covishield is made out of a weakened version of the common cold virus known as adenovirus, coming from chimpanzees.
How Does Covishield Works?
Covishield is one of the first two vaccines that the Indian Government approved for emergency purposes. Even some countries in Europe use this drug. After the vaccine gets injected, it evokes the human immune system to produce antibodies against the Covid virus.
Potency Of Covishield
According to the phase 3 trial in December 2020, the vaccine showed about 70.4% potency level. This trial test is based on international clinical trial results shown by a whopping 11,636 volunteers across UK and Brazil. After the first dose, the vaccine’s efficacy level reached up to 90% with the second dose.
What Are The Side Effects?
The side effects are very few, and some of them include pain, tenderness, warmth, pain, redness, swelling, itching, or bruising on the injection site. General feelings are chills, a little feverish, headache, or muscle ache. Uncommon symptoms are dizziness, abdominal pain, etc. Taking paracetamol can reduce the chances of these symptoms.
Covishield doses are administered between 4 to 12 weeks apart and are stored between 2 to 8 degrees Celcius.
Covaxin is an inactive vaccine made out of killed coronavirus. Bharat Biotech in partnership with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the National Institute of Virology, manufactured this vaccine in India.
How Does The Vaccine work?
After the vaccination process, the immune system starts producing antibodies against the Covid virus. Soon after this, immune-potentiators, also known as vaccine adjuvants, are added to boost the vaccine’s immunogenicity.
According to the company’s analysis as per the phase 3 trial results, the vaccine’s potency rate is up to 81% effective against the UK variants.
Some common and rare effects are redness, stiffness in the upper arm, body ache, fever, nausea, and vomiting.
Covaxin follows a two-dose vaccination process given at a gap of 28 days apart from the first dose.
Moscow’s Gamelaya Institute developed the Sputnik V vaccine. This vaccine releases a small fragment of the virus to the body and allows it to recognize the threat and fight against it without even falling ill. After this effect, it proves that the immune system is ready to fight the deadly virus when it encounters it for real.
You don’t need to be afraid of it since the released genetic code would be harmless. Furthermore, Sputnik V can be stored between 2 to 8 degrees Celcius, making it easier to transport and store.
Level Of Effectiveness
Sputnik V has an efficacy level of up to 91.6%. However, Pfizer and Moderna shots are effective up to 95% based on clinical trials, and this vaccine only meets that rate.
There are hardly any such reports of side effects associated with Sputnik V. In fewer cases, people develop fever, and that’s a way of boosting the body’s immunity.
Unlike other similar vaccines, Sputnik V uses two different versions of vaccines. The first and second doses are given 21 days apart. Both of the doses target the virus’s spike but use different vectors, a neutralized virus that carries spike to the body. The idea of using two separate formulas helps to boost the immune system for a longer period of time.
As we have reached the conclusion part of this write-up, ensure that you take the initiative of vaccinating yourself and your family members to fight against the deadly virus. We don’t know when the pandemic will end, but we can try safeguarding ourselves by following the safety health norms given by our country’s government. I hope this blog has helped you out. Each vaccine mentioned above has its importance. The rest of the decision is upon you.
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*Disclaimer:- Haarway is not suggesting or motivating anyone to get vaccinated, it is totally dependent upon a decision of an individual. Information provided above has taken from third-party sources.